Australia's First People

Economy along the Coast - Summer

Families now live in a base camp that lets them collect food resources from the open forest and grasslands as well as move to temporary camps in the dunes to enable the harvesting of food from the sea.

  Gathering and hunting: shellfish, crayfish, fish, seals and sea birds Gathering and hunting:  plants, lizards, snakes, kangaroos, wallabies and emus. Gathering and hunting: daisy yams, kangaroos and emus.

Coastal Aborigines
Summer was spent near the coast where food was plentiful however the people were highly mobile changing location to utilise other food sources. Autumn was spent on the edge of the grasslands near water resources in order to harvest fish and eels. Winter was spent near fuel and food resources. Housing was built according to the weather conditions. Spring saw people moving closer to the coast to utilise seasonal food resources in the area.

Hunting involved the taking of birds (during breeding season) sometimes using traps, Mutton birds (taken in burrow), swans and ducks (during moulting), seals (breeding season), fish, eels, stranded whales, koalas, kangaroos, wallabies, emus and possums.
Collecting food in the form of fruit, vegetables, seeds and shellfish were extremely important in insuring a health diet. Vegetables sometimes required being removed from the soil with the help of a digging stick while shellfish were collected in two diffezront ways. Wavy turbo, limpits, abalone, dog winkle, ribbed-top shells and rock whelk were collected by hand while pipi, wedge shell, mud ark and oysters were collected by dredging.

All the material needs the people required had to come from the local environment. Some products produced from animals and plants were:
* Bone tools, nose bones , fish spear points: kangaroo and emu bones
* Headband decorations: kangaroo teeth
* Binding string: kangaroo sinews
* Rugs and cloaks: possum skin
* Arm bands: possum hair
* Necklace: reeds
* Awls and bipoints: long bones of seabirds
* Scrapers: marine shells
* Drinking containers: abalone shells
* Stone tools: flint found along beach
* Digging sticks, clubs, boomerangs, spears: branch from tree
* Canoe: bark
* Nets: kangaroo grass or stringy-bark fibers
* Fishing line: bark of Acacia
* Fishing hooks: bone